Testicular Cancer

In New Zealand, testicular cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in young men between the ages of 15 and 44.

While rare, testicular cancer is one of the most survivable and curable forms of cancer, if detected and treated early. Every year, 170 men are diagnosed with Testicular Cancer in New Zealand with around 140 of them under the age of 44.

Know the signs of Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer can present as a painless lump or an enlargement or hardening of the testicles which is often painless.

These are some of the symptoms to be aware of:

  • Any enlargement of a testicle
  • A significant loss of size in one of the testicles
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • A dull ache in the lower abdomen, back or in the groin
  • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum
  • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts

Know your normal and self check regularly

Monthly self-testicular exams are important to notice changes in one’s testicles. Self-testicular exams allow you to become familiar with your testicles thus making it easier to notice any changes.

Most testicular cancers can be found at an early stage, when they're small and haven't spread. If you do notice any lumps or changes from your normal, see a medical professional immediately.

The best time to check your testicles is after a bath or a shower.

Know your family history

Men with undescended testes at birth, or who have a family history, like a father or brother who has had testicular cancer, are at an increased risk.

Testicular cancer is highly treatable and one of the most curable forms of cancer. Self-exams, starting in the adolescent years, are key for the early detection of testicular cancer.

Ball Checking Cards

These cards show you how to know what is normal for your balls, so that you can identify what isn't normal.